Экзаменационная работа по английскому языку состоит из четырёх разделов («Аудирование», «Чтение», «Грамматика и лексика», «Письмо»), включающих в себя 40 заданий.
Пробный вариант составлен на основе официальной демоверсии от ФИПИ за 2021 год.
В конце варианта приведены правильные ответы ко всем заданиям. Вы можете свериться с ними и найти у себя ошибки.
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10. Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. In the spotlight
2. The first but not the best
3. What you are good at
4. Deciding on location
5. Choosing a lifestyle
6. Think of your next step
7. Talented but unlucky
8. Sociable or not
A. Too many people ask themselves “What’s the right career for me?” as if it’s a single decision. But this isn’t going to work — your industry may not even exist in 40 years’ time! Indeed, if you’re near the start of your career, trying to decide everything right now could even be harmful, since it’ll narrow your focus. Rather, the question to ask yourself is “what’s the next decision I need to make?”, and once you know this, just focus on making a good decision.
B. We all have natural talents and there are certain tasks that come easy to us. When we use our natural talents, time moves fast and we tend to receive compliments for our abilities. Knowing where your natural talents lie is the key to choosing the right career. Of course we’re capable of doing other things, but those other tasks usually feel more like work. What do you always enjoy doing, and how can those skills be applied to a job?
C. Most career problems come from the fact that we are terrible at choosing jobs. It’s almost impossible to choose a good job on the first try. So don’t think you’ll be the exception. Economist Neil Howe says that only 5% of people pick the right job on the first try. He calls those people “fast starters” and in general, they are less creative, less adventurous, and less innovative, which makes a conventional, common path work well for them.
D. Do you like working with others or as part of a team? Are you motivated by the needs of others and your ability to provide a solution? This is critical because some people shy away from that connection and would rather do their job behind the scenes — without the various complications of interacting with colleagues and clients. Know your social needs so you can choose a suitable career that matches them.
E. Certain careers encourage or even require employees to have a public persona. You may become known in your local community. If you’re a spokesperson, that recognition could extend to a national level. Or if you serve as your company’s representative at trade shows or special events, you may become known in that community. If you want recognition and the chance to build a personal brand, look for careers that allow you to stand out front.
F. Where do you want to live? While not essential for every career type, deciding where you want to live can be an important part of the career search process. This is especially true for jobs that are focused in certain regions. If you want to work in the magazine industry, then you’ll probably need to move to New York City. Do you want to be a wheat farmer? The Midwest. Anthropologist? Just about anywhere.
G. Most jobs start off with at least a few years of hard labour at much lower salary than you would like to earn. What’s more important is looking ahead at people well into a career track to decide whether the life they lead is desirable to you. Some factors you might want to consider include the amount of control they have over their own time, their salary and the amount of travel involved, among other things.